Simulation of ductile-to-brittle transition combining complete Gurson model and CZM with application to hydrogen embrittlement
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEngineering Fracture Mechanics. 2022, 268 . 10.1016/j.engfracmech.2022.108511
A general simulation framework for modelling ductile-to-brittle transition in metals is proposed. The method combines the complete Gurson model and cohesive zone model, which brings ductile and brittle fracture mechanisms into one play. We found that the transition of failure mode is the result of a competition between fracture due to micro-void growth and coalescence and fracture in the cohesive zone. It is found that the fracture mode is dependent on the ratio between the cohesive strength and the yield strength of the material; brittle fracture only occurs when the strength ratio is below a critical value. This generic rule can be used to rationalize various failure scenarios featured by ductile-to-brittle transition, such as low temperature embrittlement and hydrogen embrittlement. As an application of the general framework, hydrogen embrittlement is simulated. It is revealed that a critical hydrogen concentration has to be achieved in order to trigger brittle fracture, which is consistent with many experimental observations.