Succinct Encodings for Families of Interval Graphs
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAlgorithmica. 2021, 83 (3), 776-794. 10.1007/s00453-020-00710-w
We consider the problem of designing succinct data structures for interval graphs with n vertices while supporting degree, adjacency, neighborhood and shortest path queries in optimal time. Towards showing succinctness, we first show that at least nlog2n−2nlog2log2n−O(n) bits are necessary to represent any unlabeled interval graph G with n vertices, answering an open problem of Yang and Pippenger (Proc Am Math Soc Ser B 4(1):1–3, 2017). This is augmented by a data structure of size nlog2n+O(n) bits while supporting not only the above queries optimally but also capable of executing various combinatorial algorithms (like proper coloring, maximum independent set etc.) on interval graphs efficiently. Finally, we extend our ideas to other variants of interval graphs, for example, proper/unit interval graphs, k-improper interval graphs, and circular-arc graphs, and design succinct data structures for these graph classes as well along with supporting queries on them efficiently.