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dc.contributor.authorGil, Elisabeth Grut
dc.contributor.authorÅstrøm, Anne-Kristine N
dc.contributor.authorLie, Stein Atle
dc.contributor.authorRygg, Marite
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorRosén, Annika
dc.contributor.authorBletsa, Athanasia
dc.contributor.authorLuukko, Keijo Aukusti
dc.contributor.authorShi, Xie-Qi
dc.contributor.authorHalbig, Josefine Mareile
dc.contributor.authorFrid, Paula Hanna Therese
dc.contributor.authorCetrelli, Lena Elisabet
dc.contributor.authorTylleskär, Karin
dc.contributor.authorRosendahl, Karen
dc.contributor.authorSkeie, Marit Slåttelid
dc.description.abstractObjective To explore whether plaque and gingival bleeding are more frequently experienced by adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) compared to matched controls without JIA; explore whether surface- and site-specific periodontal outcomes vary between the two groups; and for participants with JIA, investigate associations between disease-specific features and periodontal outcomes. Material and methods In this comparative cross-sectional study, selected surfaces, and sites of index teeth in 10–16-year-olds with JIA and matched controls were examined by modified versions of Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) and Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI). Mixed-effects logistic regressions, reporting odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI), were applied. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to quantify the degree of dependency of measures within the same individual. Results 144 and 159 adolescents with JIA were evaluated according to OHI-S and GBI; corresponding numbers of controls were 154 and 161. Plaque and gingival bleeding were more frequent in individuals with JIA than controls. Adjusted analyses showed association between JIA status and OHI-S > 0 (OR = 2.33, 95% CI: 1.47 − 3.67, ICC = 0.45) and GBI > 0 (OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.10 − 2.16, ICC = 0.41 and 0.30). Surface-specific distribution of plaque varied among the two groups. Conclusions Our results highlight the importance of increased awareness of oral health care in patients with JIA and that surface- and site-specific differences in periodontal outcomes exist between individuals with JIA and controls. Few JIA disease-specific variables associated with plaque or gingival bleeding.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor and Francis Groupen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleDental plaque and gingival bleeding in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and controls: a multilevel analysisen_US
dc.title.alternativeDental plaque and gingival bleeding in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and controls: a multilevel analysisen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalActa Odontologica Scandinavicaen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
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