Predicting Discharges in Sewer Pipes Using an Integrated Long Short-Term Memory and Entropy A-TOPSIS Modeling Framework
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionWater. 2022, 14 (3), . 10.3390/w14030300
Predicting discharges in sewage systems play an essential role in reducing sewer overflows and impacts on the environment and public health. Choosing a suitable model to predict discharges in these systems is essential to realizing these aforementioned goals. Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) has been proposed as a robust technique for predicting discharges in wastewater networks. This study explored the potential application of an LSTM model to predict discharges using 3-month data set in a sewer network in Ålesund city, Norway. Different sequence-to-sequence LSTMs were investigated using various input and output datasets. The impact of data aggregation (10-min and 30-min intervals) was examined and compared to original sensor data (5-min intervals) to evaluate the performance of the LSTM model. The results show that 50-neuron LSTM architecture performed better (MAPE = 0.09, RMSE = 0.0008, R2 = 0.8) in predicting discharges for the study area. The study indicates that using the same sequence length for the prior and the forecast can improve the effectiveness of the LSTM model. Based on the results, using a 10-min aggregated discharge dataset reduces energy consumption, transmission bandwidth, and storage capacity. Additionally, it improves prediction performance compared to an original 5-min interval data in Ålesund city.