Occupational Therapy Interventions for Persons with Cognitive Impairments Living in the Community
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionOccupational Therapy in Health Care. 2022, . 10.1080/07380577.2022.2056777
This study describes interventions provided by community occupational therapists for persons with cognitive impairments. Using an online questionnaire, a cross-sectional study was conducted, collecting data from 497 of the 1367 occupational therapists in Norwegian community-based services. The most common interventions provided were environmental modifications (87%), implementation of assistive devices (85%), and training of activities of daily life (ADL) (77%). Two main reasons to carry out these interventions were identified as the initial assessment of clients (89%) and expectations of others. The most preferred interventions were ADL training (77%), cognitive training (63%), and environmental modifications (56%). Chi-squared tests identified a significant difference (p < 0.001) between interventions provided and preferred interventions on all interventions except environmental modifications. The findings provide an insight into interventions provided for persons with cognitive impairments in community services.