Role of receiver on the performance of a transcritical CO2 based air-conditioning unit with single-stage and two-stage expansion
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionScience and Technology for the Built Environment. 2021, 27 (5), 544-556. 10.1080/23744731.2021.1902189
Theoretical and experimental studies are carried out on a transcritical CO2 based air-conditioning unit. Two configurations– a system with single-stage expansion (SSE) and a system with two-stage expansion (TSE) have been considered. Detailed numerical models have been developed for both configurations. Results obtained from numerical simulations are compared with experimental results. The performance of the system with single-stage expansion is compared with two-stage expansion under different conditions of refrigerant charge, receiver volume, and ambient temperature. Both numerical and experimental results show that the SSE configuration is highly sensitive to refrigerant charge as compared to the TSE configuration. The TSE configuration offers better system controllability provided the receiver is sized properly. Besides, it is found that for the same performance, the required charge can be reduced by about 15% for the TSE configuration as compared to the SSE configuration.