Resource-aware Online Parameter Adaptation for Computationally -constrained Visual-Inertial Navigation Systems
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Original version2021 20th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR) 10.1109/ICAR53236.2021.9659338
In this paper, a computational resources-aware parameter adaptation method for visual-inertial navigation systems is proposed with the goal of enabling the improved deployment of such algorithms on computationally constrained systems. Such a capacity can prove critical when employed on ultra-lightweight systems or alongside mission critical computationally expensive processes. To achieve this objective, the algorithm proposes selected changes in the vision frontend and optimization back-end of visual-inertial odometry algorithms, both prior to execution and in real-time based on an online profiling of available resources. The method also utilizes information from the motion dynamics experienced by the system to manipulate parameters online. The general policy is demonstrated on three established algorithms, namely S-MSCKF, VINS-Mono and OKVIS and has been verified experimentally on the EuRoC dataset. The proposed approach achieved comparable performance at a fraction of the original computational cost.