Effect of Zr and Er on the microstructure, mechanical and electrical properties of Al-0.4Fe alloy
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonJournal of Alloys and Compounds. 2021, 857 1-12. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.157611
The effect of Zr and Er on the microstructure, electrical conductivity and mechanical properties of Al-0.4Fe alloy was investigated using optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It is revealed that both of the Zr and Er could inhibit the recrystallization process of Al-0.4 wt %Fe alloy due to the formation of Al3Zr or Al3Er particles. Zr is more recrystallization-resistant than Er due to the preferential precipitation of Al3Zr. Both of the Zr and Er could modify the morphology of Al3Fe particle from needle-like to sphere-like or rod-like, which reduce the negative effect of Al3Fe phase. Zr could significantly refine dendrites of the Al-0.4Fe alloy, while Er shows a negligible effect on dendrite refining due to the delayed formation of Al3Er during solidification. However, the low solubility of Er is beneficial for strength and electrical properties of Al-0.4Fe alloy. In consideration of strength and electrical conductivity, the Al-0.4Fe-0.2Er is selected as the best alloy among the four alloys, which shows a yield strength of 145 MPa, elongation at fracture of 8% and electrical conductivity of 61.2 %IACS after cold-rolling. The results provide an insight in design high strength, high conductive aluminum conductor material.