Logical and experimental modeling of cytokine and eicosanoid signaling in psoriatic keratinocytes
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versioniScience. 2021, 24 (12), 103451-?. 10.1016/j.isci.2021.103451
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease, in which immune cells and keratinocytes keep each other in a state of inflammation. It is believed that phospholipase A2 (PLA2)-dependent eicosanoid release plays a key role in this. T-helper (Th) 1-derived cytokines are established activators of phospholipases in keratinocytes, whereas Th17-derived cytokines have largely unknown effects. Logical model simulations describing the function of cytokine and eicosanoid signaling networks combined with experimental data suggest that Th17 cytokines stimulate proinflammatory cytokine expression in psoriatic keratinocytes via activation of cPLA2α-Prostaglandin E2-EP4 signaling, which could be suppressed using the anti-psoriatic calcipotriol. cPLA2α inhibition and calcipotriol distinctly regulate expression of key psoriatic genes, possibly offering therapeutic advantage when applied together. Model simulations additionally suggest EP4 and protein kinase cAMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha as drug targets that may restore a normal phenotype. Our work illustrates how the study of complex diseases can benefit from an integrated systems approach.