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dc.contributor.authorYeng, Prosper
dc.contributor.authorNweke, Livinus Obiora
dc.contributor.authorYang, Bian
dc.contributor.authorFauzi, Muhammad Ali
dc.contributor.authorSnekkenes, Einar Arthur
dc.identifier.citationJMIR Medical Informatics. 2021, 9 (12), .en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Blocklisting malicious activities in health care is challenging in relation to access control in health care security practices due to the fear of preventing legitimate access for therapeutic reasons. Inadvertent prevention of legitimate access can contravene the availability trait of the confidentiality, integrity, and availability triad, and may result in worsening health conditions, leading to serious consequences, including deaths. Therefore, health care staff are often provided with a wide range of access such as a “breaking-the-glass” or “self-authorization” mechanism for emergency access. However, this broad access can undermine the confidentiality and integrity of sensitive health care data because breaking-the-glass can lead to vast unauthorized access, which could be problematic when determining illegitimate access in security practices. Objective: A review was performed to pinpoint appropriate artificial intelligence (AI) methods and data sources that can be used for effective modeling and analysis of health care staff security practices. Based on knowledge obtained from the review, a framework was developed and implemented with simulated data to provide a comprehensive approach toward effective modeling and analyzing security practices of health care staff in real access logs. Methods: The flow of our approach was a mapping review to provide AI methods, data sources and their attributes, along with other categories as input for framework development. To assess implementation of the framework, electronic health record (EHR) log data were simulated and analyzed, and the performance of various approaches in the framework was compared. Results: Among the total 130 articles initially identified, 18 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A thorough assessment and analysis of the included articles revealed that K-nearest neighbor, Bayesian network, and decision tree (C4.5) algorithms were predominantly applied to EHR and network logs with varying input features of health care staff security practices. Based on the review results, a framework was developed and implemented with simulated logs. The decision tree obtained the best precision of 0.655, whereas the best recall was achieved by the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm at 0.977. However, the best F1-score was obtained by random forest at 0.775. In brief, three classifiers (random forest, decision tree, and SVM) in the two-class approach achieved the best precision of 0.998. Conclusions: The security practices of health care staff can be effectively analyzed using a two-class approach to detect malicious and nonmalicious security practices. Based on our comparative study, the algorithms that can effectively be used in related studies include random forest, decision tree, and SVM. Deviations of security practices from required health care staff’s security behavior in the big data context can be analyzed with real access logs to define appropriate incentives for improving conscious care security practice.en_US
dc.publisherJMIR Publicationsen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleArtificial Intelligence–Based Framework for Analyzing Health Care Staff Security Practice: Mapping Review and Simulation Studyen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalJMIR Medical Informaticsen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal