Exploring Self-attention Mechanism of Deep Learning in Cloud Intrusion Detection
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Cloud computing offers elastic and ubiquitous computing services, thereby receiving extensive attention recently. However, cloud servers have also become the targets of malicious attacks or hackers due to the centralization of data storage and computing facilities. Most intrusion attacks to cloud servers are often originated from inner or external networks. Intrusion detection is a prerequisite to designing anti-intrusion countermeasures of cloud systems. In this paper, we explore deep learning algorithms to design intrusion detection methods. In particular, we present a deep learning-based method with the integration of conventional neural networks, self-attention mechanism, and Long short-term memory (LSTM), namely CNN-A-LSTM to detect intrusion. CNN-A-LSTM leverages the merits of CNN in processing local correlation data and extracting features, the time feature extracting capability of LSTM, and the self-attention mechanism to better exact features. We conduct extensive experiments on the KDDcup99 dataset to evaluate the performance of our CNN-A-LSTM model. Compared with other machine learning and deep learning models, our CNN-A-LSTM has superior performance.