Facility management role in stimulating happiness to mitigate the mental health risk
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The article analyses the influence of the economic crisis on the occupational health and discusses the need for more proactive role of facility management (FM) to improve the mental health at the workplace. During the recent economic crisis period, economic ‘factor of production’ had number of effects on the workplace, such as: job insecurity (JI), work intensity, temporary uninsured work, violence and harassment, absenteeism and presentism due to occupational stress. Economic downturn caused a prolonged increase in suicide mortality. The present research focuses on the literature review analysis from the perspective of JI, which is especially exposed in the time of economic crisis and is associated with many diseases connected with depression, heart disease and suicidal risks. The focus of research is to explore ‘the role of FM to mitigate the risk of mental health diseases’ in connection of JI. From that perspective, the paper evaluates the outcomes of different quantitative studies during the period of years of economic crisis. Results show that different workspace factors have an impact on the satisfaction of employees and consequently on their health, and that facility management can play a positive role. Especially happiness is seen as one to encourage an implementation of necessary interventions to achieve decreasing employee stress and to enhance mental well-being. The paper covers the findings in the time of economic crisis in Europe from 2008-2017 and a growing need for the focus on happiness and well-being issues.