Linearity Measures for Multivariate Public Key Cryptography
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Original versionFalk, Rainer; Westphall, Carlos B. [Eds.] SECURWARE 2014, The Eighth International Conference on Emerging Security Information, Systems and Technologies p. 157-166 SECURWARE, International Conference on Emerging Security Information, Systems and Technologies, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2014
We propose a new general framework for the security of Multivariate Quadratic (MQ) public key schemes with respect to attacks that exploit the existence of linear subspaces. We adopt linearity measures that have been used traditionally to estimate the security of symmetric cryptographic primitives, namely, the nonlinearity measure for vectorial functions introduced by Nyberg, and the (s, t)-linearity measure introduced recently by Boura and Canteaut. We redefine some properties of MQ cryptosystems in terms of these known symmetric cryptography notions, and show that our new framework is a compact generalization of several known attacks in MQ cryptography against single field schemes. We use the framework to explain various pitfalls regarding the successfulness of these attacks. Finally, we argue that linearity can be used as a solid measure for the susceptibility of MQ schemes to these attacks, and also as a necessary tool for prudent design practice in MQ cryptography.
- Conference Paper - SECURWARE 2014 : The Eighth International Conference on Emerging Security Information, Systems and Technologies