Revealing the influence of electron beam melted Ti-6Al-4V scaffolds on osteogenesis of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJournal of materials science. Materials in medicine. 2021, 32 (97), . 10.1007/s10856-021-06572-0
Porous Titanium-6Aluminum-4Vanadium scaffolds made by electron beam-based additive manufacturing (AM) have emerged as state-of-the-art implant devices. However, there is still limited knowledge on how they influence the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs). In this study, BMSCs are cultured on such porous scaffolds to determine how the scaffolds influence the osteogenic differentiation of the cells. The scaffolds are biocompatible, as revealed by the increasing cell viability. Cells are evenly distributed on the scaffolds after 3 days of culturing followed by an increase in bone matrix development after 21 days of culturing. qPCR analysis provides insight into the cells' osteogenic differentiation, where RUNX2 expression indicate the onset of differentiation towards osteoblasts. The COL1A1 expression suggests that the differentiated osteoblasts can produce the osteoid. Alkaline phosphatase staining indicates an onset of mineralization at day 7 in OM. The even deposits of calcium at day 21 further supports a successful bone mineralization. This work shines light on the interplay between AM Ti64 scaffolds and bone growth, which may ultimately lead to a new way of creating long lasting bone implants with fast recovery times.