Increased Local Inflammatory Response to MOC31PE Immunotoxin After Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAnnals of Surgical Oncology. 2021, . 10.1245/s10434-021-10022-0
Background - Despite extensive cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC), most patients with resectable peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer experience disease relapse. MOC31PE immunotoxin is being explored as a novel treatment option for these patients. MOC31PE targets the cancer-associated epithelial cell adhesion molecule, and kills cancer cells by distinct mechanisms, simultaneously causing immune activation by induction of immunogenic cell death (ICD). Methods - Systemic and local cytokine responses were analyzed in serum and intraperitoneal fluid samples collected the first three postoperative days from clinically comparable patients undergoing CRS-HIPEC with (n = 12) or without (n = 26) intraperitoneal instillation of MOC31PE. A broad panel of 27 pro- and antiinflammatory interleukins, chemokines, interferons, and growth factors was analyzed using multiplex technology. Results - The time course and magnitude of the systemic and local postoperative cytokine response after CRS-HIPEC were highly compartmentalized, with modest systemic responses contrasting substantial intraperitoneal responses. Administration of MOC31PE resulted in changes that were broader and of higher magnitude compared with CRS-HIPEC alone. Significantly increased levels of innate proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) as well as an interesting time response curve for the strong T-cell stimulator interferon (IFN)-γ and its associated chemokine interferon gamma-induced protein/chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (IP-10) were detected, all associated with ICD. Conclusions - Our study revealed a predominately local rather than systemic inflammatory response to CRS-HIPEC, which was strongly enhanced by MOC31PE treatment. The MOC31PE-induced intraperitoneal inflammatory reaction could contribute to improve remnant cancer cell killing, but the mechanisms remain to be elucidated in future studies.