Railway track loss-of-stiffness detection using bogie filtered displacement data measured on a passing train
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionInfrastructures. 2021, 6 (6), . 10.3390/infrastructures6060093
This paper presents an innovative numerical framework for railway track monitoring using acceleration measurements from sensors installed on a passenger train. A numerical model including a 10 degrees of freedom train passing over a three-layer track is employed. The bogie filtered displacement (BFD) is obtained from the bogie vertical acceleration using a numerical integration method and a band-pass filter. The BFD is compared to the filtered track longitudinal profile and can be seen to contain the main features of the track profile. This is also experimentally confirmed using field measurements where an in-service Irish Rail train was instrumented using inertial sensors. The proposed algorithm is employed to find the BFDs from the bogie accelerations. A track level survey was also undertaken to validate the measurements. It is shown that the BFDs from several passes are in good agreement with the surveyed profile. Finally, the BFDs are numerically used to find track defects such as hanging sleepers. The mean of the BFDs obtained from two populations of train passes over a healthy and a damaged track are employed to detect the loss of stiffness at the subgrade layer. The effect of the train forward speed variation and measurement noise are also investigated.