Local entropy generation and entropy fluxes of a transient flame during head-on quenching towards solid and hydrogen-permeable porous walls
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2021, 46 (52), 26616-26630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.05.142
Premixed H2-air flames are studied in a one-dimensional wall-bounded configuration. The laminar flame propagates towards and quenches at a wall that is either solid or permeable. Entropy generation by each of 19 elementary reactions is evaluated. Their total contribution remains the most important up to the quenching instance. Close to quenching, the conduction entropy generation grows considerable. Mass diffusion has a modest contribution, which decreases towards quenching. Viscous forces are negligible as a source of entropy. Effects of unburnt-mixture temperature and fuel-air ratio are investigated, and also dilution with nitrogen (inert) and water vapour. The diffusive entropy flux changed direction away from the permeating wall compared that of the solid wall. A major finding is that fuel permeation through the wall tends to decrease the entropy generation per unit of converted fuel, in particular for initially lean mixtures.