Sizing and performance analyses of a combined heating and cooling system with the integration of short- and long-term storages
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Technological advancements in the utilization of renewable energy sources have unveiled potentials for increasing building energy efficiency. Integrating heat pump-based energy systems with thermal storages is a suitable option to meet the thermal requirements of modern buildings and exploiting the available renewable energy sources. However, how to size the main components of a heat pump-based energy system with the integration of short- and long-term storages is not yet well explored. Therefore, this study focused on the design and performance analyses of an integrated heating and cooling system consist of a heat pump, borehole long-term thermal storage, and hot water tank short-term thermal. Heat pump models were introduced as parametric models based on the producer data. The dynamic thermal model of the energy system was developed and analysed in MATLAB. Different combinations of heating and cooling loads were tested. Integration of cooling and heating systems was discussed through different operation strategies and challenges were addressed. The results of the parametric analysis identified the key parameters affecting the design of components and efficiency of the system. Moreover, the results showed that lower cooling to heating load ratio leads to an excessive reduction of the ground temperature and overall efficiency over the long-term operation.