X-ray computed tomography investigation of dilation of mineral-filled PVC under monotonic loading
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionMechanics of materials (Print). 2020, 142 . 10.1016/j.mechmat.2019.103296
The deformation-induced dilation of mineral-filled polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is investigated by means of polychromatic X-ray absorption tomography (XCT). Axisymmetric notched tensile specimens are strained to prescribed elongations using a tensile test apparatus and subsequently scanned by XCT after relaxation. During straining, surface deformations are quantified by digital image correlation (DIC) and contour tracking. The influence of stress triaxiality and strain rate on dilation is investigated by using tensile specimens with three different notch radii, all strained to three deformation levels at two different nominal strain rates. Pronounced reduction of density, corresponding to an increase of volume, is observed for all specimens in the XCT scans, but markedly different relative density distributions are measured for the three geometries. The accuracy of the polychromatic XCT density estimates is evaluated against data obtained with monochromatic synchrotron radiation computed tomography (sr-XCT), and a comparison to surface deformation-based dilation estimates is presented.