Electrochemical modification of the Ti-15Mo alloy surface in solutions containing ZnO and Zn3(PO4)2 particles
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionMaterials Science and Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications. 2020, 115 . 10.1016/j.msec.2020.111098
This paper reports on the plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) of titanium alloy Ti-15Mo in baths containing zinc to obtain biomaterials with bacteriostatic and antibacterial properties. The Ti-15Mo surface was oxidised in a 0.1 M Ca(H2PO2)2 bath containing zinc compound particles: ZnO or Zn3(PO4)2. During the PEO process, the applied voltage was 300 V, and the current density was 150 mA∙cm−2. The surface morphology, roughness and wettability were determined. It has been noted that both roughness and wettability of Ti-15Mo alloy surface increased after PEO. EDX and XPS chemical composition analysis was carried out, and Raman spectroscopy was also performed indicating that Zn has been successfully incorporated into oxide layer. To investigate the antibacterial properties of the PEO oxide coatings, microbial tests were carried out. The bacterial adhesion test was performed using four different bacterial strains: reference Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), clinical Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA 1030), reference Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 700296) and clinical Staphylococcus epidermidis (15560). Performed zinc-containing oxide coatings did not indicate the bacteria growth inducing effect. Additionally, the cytocompatibility of the formed oxide layers was characterised by MG-63 osteoblast-like live/dead tests. The surface bioactivity and cytocompatibility increased after the PEO process. The zinc was successfully incorporated into the titanium oxide layer. Based on the obtained results of the studies, it can be claimed that zinc-containing PEO layers can be an interesting course of bacteriostatic titanium biomaterials development.