Control and optimisation of networked microgrids: A review
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIET Renewable Power Generation. 2021, . 10.1049/rpg2.12111
Microgrids (MGs) have become an integral part of smart grid initiatives for future power system networks. Networked microgrids consist of several neighbouring microgrids connected in a low/medium distribution network. The primary objective of a network is to share surplus/shortage power with neighbouring microgrids to achieve mutual cost‐effective operation, utilising green energy from renewable energy resources in the network and increasing the reliability of customer service. This article classifies networked microgrids on the basis of network formation and provides an overview of recent research on control of networked microgrids. In addition, a state‐of‐the‐art review of optimisation methods is provided to solve the energy optimisation problem in networked microgrids. Furthermore, the advantages and challenges of the networked operation of microgrids are presented as for possible research directions in the future.