Rational design of mixed solvent and porous graphene-supported spinel oxide electrodes for high-rate and long cycle-life Mg batteries
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2019, 11 (41), 37595-37601. 10.1021/acsami.9b11215
The development of Mg batteries based on the interfacial charge storage mechanism, where the capacity originates from capacitive processes and the solvent-related interfacial reactions, could efficiently circumvent the challenge of intercalation-based Mg batteries with sluggish kinetics. In this work, the proposed Mg organohaloaluminate mixture electrolyte is reported to improve the charge storage performance of the graphene-supported cathodes, resulting in both high cycling stability (91% capacity retention after 2000 cycles) and high rate capability (51% capacity retention when the current density increases by 100 times). The experimental and computational studies have revealed that the exceptional cell performance originates from the optimized electrode/electrolyte interface, where the highly reversible interfacial reactions occur with the 1,2-dimethoxyethane additive in the typical all-phenyl complex electrolyte. The fast charge-transfer kinetics along the surface of highly porous and conductive graphene-supported electrodes have also been observed.