Waveguide asymmetric long-period grating couplers as refractive index sensors
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonOptics Express. 2020, 28 (16), 23936-23949. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.397561
A highly sensitive integrated photonic transducer is designed by utilizing asymmetric long-period gratings on a silicon waveguide. These gratings are formed by periodic perturbation of the waveguide width, leading to coupling between the fundamental mode and the 1st order asymmetric leaky mode. The coupled modes are studied via finite-element and finite-difference time-domain methods. Only a single fabrication step is required to realize this novel design. The device is utilized as a refractive index sensor in liquid, yielding a sensitivity of 5078 nm/RIU. The design is a unique combination of being highly sensitive, easily fabricated and highly compact.