Optimized Design of Multi-MHz Frequency Isolated Auxiliary Power Supply for Gate Drivers in Medium-Voltage Converters
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonIEEE transactions on power electronics. 2020, 35 (9), 9494-9509. 10.1109/TPEL.2020.2972977
This article presents the design and optimization of a suitable topology for an isolated dc–dc auxiliary power supply with high isolation voltage and low coupling capacitance. The converter consists of a GaN HEMT inverter operating at 6.78 MHz, an LCC resonance tank, and a class-E low dv/dt rectifier. Furthermore, the galvanic isolation is implemented using a coreless planar trans-former that enables higher insulation voltage with similar or better converter efficiency compared to designs using a magnetic material.An analytical design methodology is developed, however, SPICE investigations show that optimal designs might lie outside the validity of the design equations. Consequently, a virtual prototyping tool is developed based on a genetic algorithm with numerical simulations, and in turn, is used to optimize the converter. The optimization algorithm maximizes the converter efficiency while minimizing the transformer size. Prototypes are constructed based on the resulting Pareto front. Experimental results show the validity of the simulated results. Prototypes transferring power up to 15 W with a peak efficiency of 81% are shown. The selected topology enables insulating voltages exceeding 40 kV and coupling capacitances below 10 pF.