Start of a synchronous motor using rotor field polarity inversion and rotor back-emf sensing
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Synchronous motors are hard to line start due to torque pulsations at zero rotor speed and low starting torque when started using induced current in a damper squirrel cage. By inverting the rotor pole polarity at appropriate times it is possible to, in principle, achieve uniform torque, albeit pulsating with twice the line frequency at zero initial rotor speed. This has been demonstrated in an earlier work. In this paper we demonstrate that high torque starting using the back-emf in the field winding as triggering signal for the rotor polarity inversion is possible. We further discuss the origin of the rotational energy and active and reactive power pulsations. Finally, we show that it is possible to operate a synchronous motors at continuous asynchronous speed by inverting the polarity of the rotor current and adjusting the field current accordingly, although down rated.