Antimicrobial Properties of Samarium Doped Hydroxyapatite Suspensions and Coatings
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonCoatings. 2020, 10 . 10.3390/coatings10111124
Post-implant infections are a major health problem, and it is well-known that treating them with conventional drugs is accompanied by many disadvantages. The development of new biomaterials with enhanced antimicrobial properties are of major interest for the scientific world. The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize hydroxyapatite doped with Samarium (Ca10−xSmx(PO4)6(OH)2, xSm = 0.05, 5Sm-HAp) suspensions, pellets and coatings. The 5Sm-HAp coatings on Si substrates were obtained by rf magnetron sputtering technique. The different techniques such as ultrasound measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectroscopy (GDOES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to examine the obtained coatings. The results showed that the doped Sm ions entered the structure of hydroxyapatite successfully and Sm ions was uniformly doped onto the surface of the support. The depth profile curves of Ca, P, O, H, Ce and Si elements exhibit their presence from a surface to substrate interface as function of sputtering time. XPS analysis indicated as calcium-phosphate structures enriched in Sm3+ ions. Furthermore, the antimicrobial properties of the 5Sm-HAp suspensions, targets and coatings were assessed against Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Candida albicans ATCC 10231. The results of the antimicrobial assays highlighted that that the samples presented a strong antimicrobial activity against the tested microbial strains. The results showed that the coatings after 48 h of incubation inhibited the growth of all tested microbial strains under the value of 0.6 Log CFU/mL. This study shows that the 5Sm-HAp samples are good candidates for the development of new antimicrobial agents.