Use of mixed reality for surgery planning: Assessment and development workflow
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonJournal of Biomedical Informatics: X. 2020, 8 . 10.1016/j.yjbinx.2020.100077
Meticulous preoperative planning is an important part of any surgery to achieve high levels of precision and avoid complications. Conventional medical 2D images and their corresponding three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions are the main components of an efficient planning system. However, these systems still use flat screens for visualisation of 3D information, thus losing depth information which is crucial for 3D spatial understanding. Currently, cutting-edge mixed reality systems have shown to be a worthy alternative to provide 3D information to clinicians. In this work, we describe development details of the different steps in the workflow for the clinical use of mixed reality, including results from a qualitative user evaluation and clinical use-cases in laparoscopic liver surgery and heart surgery. Our findings indicate a very high general acceptance of mixed reality devices with our applications and they were consistently rated high for device, visualisation and interaction areas in our questionnaire. Furthermore, our clinical use-cases demonstrate that the surgeons perceived the HoloLens to be useful, recommendable to other surgeons and also provided a definitive answer at a multi-disciplinary team meeting.