Domestic hot water decomposition from measured total heat load in Norwegian buildings
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In Nordic climates, the energy use in buildings is dominated by space heating (SH) and domestic hot water (DHW). Heat load measurements with hourly resolution from smart meters are now becoming the standard. However, in most cases, only the total heat use in the building is metered, without separation into DHW and SH use. The analysis performed in this work is aimed at comparing and verifying different methods for estimating typical DHW load profiles by decomposition of heat load measurements into SH and DHW. Three methods have been used for the decomposition of the same set of measurements of the heat load from 78 buildings comprised of apartments and hotels: the seasonal method, the energy signature method and hybrid summer-signature method. All three methods have limitations, but in this article it is shown that the hybrid-summer signature method, which is a new method that is proposed in this article, has the closest similarity to measurements of DHW energy use from similar buildings.