Nursing home leaders’ perceptions of factors influencing the reporting of elder abuse and neglect: a qualitative study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionJournal of Health Organisation and Management. 2020, 34 (6), . 10.1108/JHOM-02-2020-0031
Purpose The purpose of this study is to explore the factors that influence the reporting of adverse events related to elder abuse and neglect in nursing homes from nursing home leaders' perspectives. Good leadership requires in-depth knowledge of the care and service provided and the ability to identify and address problems that can arise in clinical practice. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative explorative design with data triangulation was used. The sample consisted of 43 participants from two levels of nursing home leadership, representing six municipalities and 21 nursing homes in Norway. Focus group interviews were undertaken with 28 ward leaders and individual interviews with 15 nursing home directors. The constant comparative method was used for the analyses. Findings Both ward leaders and nursing home directors described formal and informal ways of obtaining information related to elder abuse and neglect. There were differences between their perceptions of the feasibility of obtaining formal reports about abuse in the nursing home. Three main categories of influencing factors emerged: (1) organisation structural factors, (2) cultural factors and (3) abuse severity factors. A main finding is that in its present form, the Norwegian adverse event reporting system is not designed to detect abuse and neglect. Originality/value This paper provides an in-depth understanding of patient safety and factors related to reporting elder abuse in nursing homes in Norway.