Inverse Equilibrium Analysis of Oligopolistic Electricity Markets
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Inverse equilibrium modeling fits parameters of an equilibrium model to observations. This allows investigation of whether market structures fit observed outcomes and it has predictive power. We introduce a methodology that leverages relaxed stationarity conditions from Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions to set up inverse equilibrium problems. This facilitates reframing of existing equilibrium approaches on power systems into inverse equilibrium programs. We illustrate the methodology on network-constrained and unconstrained Nash-Cournot games between price-making power generators. The inverse equilibrium problems in this paper reformulate into linear programming problems that are flexible and interpretable. Still, inverse equilibrium modeling provides generally inconsistent estimation and econometric approaches are better for this purpose.