A Rectangular End-Winding Model for Enhanced Circulating Current Prediction in AC Machines
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIEEE transactions on energy conversion. 2020, PP (99), . 10.1109/TEC.2020.3009345
The end-winding region is usually overlooked in the roebel design of large AC machines. However, saturated stator slots cause overhang parts to impact the circulating currents significantly. In fact, a precise knowledge of the winding overhang strand inductances is crucial when optimising the transpositions of large roebel bars, especially in the case of under-roebeling (having less than 360-transposition in the active part) where the goal is to compensate the winding overhang parasitic field with the slot-parasitic field. In this paper, a rectangular inductance calculation model (R-ICM) is proposed. It results in a circuital lumped-element model (LEM) that takes the strand dimensions, the bar bending, as well as small-scale effects into account. Moreover, the work describes how to model finite current-carrying rectangular segments (straight and arced) from first principles. Finally, the methodology was demonstrated for two prototype specimens with different bending-shapes corresponding to the fundamental elements on a stator bar in the winding overhang of large electrical machines.