Environmental certification of Lillehammer Youth Olympic Games
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This master thesis was an initiative of the Lillehammer Youth Olympic Games Organising Committee administration, represented by Tomas Holmestad and Magne Vikøren.The main research question is:Which environmental certification systems can be relevant and applicable to large sports events like the Youth Olympic Games?The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) is an initiative by the International Olympic Committee. The vision of the YOG is to inspire young people, between 15 and 18 years old, around the world to participate in sport, and to live by the Olympic Values. It is meant as a sporting event of the highest level for young people, integrating education and culture. Lillehammer was presented as the host city of the second Youth Olympic Winter Games in December 7, 2011. The games will be held for ten days in February 2016 and it is estimated that 1100 athletes from 70 nations will be competing in more than 60 exercises.The thesis gives a thorough presentation of Sustainability, Environmental Management and Corporate Social Responsibility and connects this to the context of an event. Different environmental certification schemes are presented and evaluated with regard to their relevance to the event industry, adaptability and credibility. To support these evaluations the thesis also analyses how environmental certifications were applied to former events. It is also evaluated how an audit can secure the proper implementation of the Environmental Management System.This thesis recognizes the ISO 20212 as the most relevant standard for an event like the YOG. Despite its low age, the standard passed the test of the 2012 London Olympics with flying colours. The fact that it is backed by the International Organization for Standardisation, who has long experience with environmental standards through the ISO 14000-series, strengthens the impression.