The Faá di Bruno Hopf algebra for multivariable feedback recursions in the center problem for higher order Abel equations
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionAbel Symposia. 2019, 13 265-296. 10.1007/978-3-030-01593-0_10
Poincaré’s center problem asks for conditions under which a planar polynomial system of ordinary differential equations has a center. It is well understood that the Abel equation naturally describes the problem in a convenient coordinate system. In 1990, Devlin described an algebraic approach for constructing sufficient conditions for a center using a linear recursion for the generating series of the solution to the Abel equation. Subsequent work by the authors linked this recursion to feedback structures in control theory and combinatorial Hopf algebras, but only for the lowest degree case. The present work introduces what turns out to be the nontrivial multivariable generalization of this connection between the center problem, feedback control, and combinatorial Hopf algebras. Once the picture is completed, it is possible to provide generalizations of some known identities involving the Abel generating series. A linear recursion for the antipode of this new Hopf algebra is also developed using coderivations. Finally, the results are used to further explore what is called the composition condition for the center problem.