Rate dependent fracture of monolithic and laminated glass: Experiments and simulations
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Glass is a brittle material known to possess large scatter in its fracture strength, which is caused by the existence of microscopic surface flaws. Fracture in glass generally originates from stress concentrations around these flaws, which cause the fracture strength to be dependent on the flaw properties and the stress state on the glass surface. The fracture strength is also reported to increase with the loading rate. The current study aims to determine the probabilistic fracture strength of glass plates exposed to arbitrary loading and loading rates by a proposed rate-dependent strength prediction model (SPM). The SPM is based on the existence of microscopic surface flaws, and performs virtual experiments on glass plates through Monte Carlo simulations. To validate the SPM in some measure, we performed quasi-static punch tests and low-velocity impact tests on monolithic and laminated glass. The experimental work clearly demonstrated the stochastic fracture strength of glass, in addition to the load-rate dependency. The SPM managed to capture many of the trends observed in the experiments, such as the increase in fracture strength with the loading rate and the positions of fracture initiation in the glass.