The association between insomnia, c-reactive protein, and chronic low back pain: Cross-sectional analysis of the HUNT study, Norway
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionScandinavian Journal of Pain. 2019, 1-13. 10.1515/sjpain-2019-0033
Chronic low back pain (chronic LBP) is the number one cause for years lived with disability among 301 diseases and injuries analyzed by The Global Burden of Disease study 2013. Insomnia is highly prevalent among people with chronic LBP. To explain the sleep-pain relationship, theoretical models propose that insomnia symptoms may be associated with increased basal inflammation, operationalized as c-reactive protein (CRP) and lead to further pain and disrupted sleep. We aimed to determine the associations between insomnia, chronic LBP, and inflammation (operationalized as CRP), whilst controlling for age, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, depression, anxiety and osteoarthritis.