Anisotropic and controllable Gilbert-Bloch dissipation in spin valves
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionPhysical Review Letters. 2019, 122 (14), . 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.147201
Spin valves form a key building block in a wide range of spintronic concepts and devices from magnetoresistive read heads to spin-transfer-torque oscillators. We elucidate the dependence of the magnetic damping in the free layer on the angle its equilibrium magnetization makes with that in the fixed layer. The spin pumping-mediated damping is anisotropic and tensorial, with Gilbert- and Bloch-like terms. Our investigation reveals a mechanism for tuning the free layer damping in situ from negligible to a large value via the orientation of fixed layer magnetization, especially when the magnets are electrically insulating. Furthermore, we expect the Bloch contribution that emerges from the longitudinal spin accumulation in the nonmagnetic spacer to play an important role in a wide range of other phenomena in spin valves.