PVA/nanocellulose nanocomposite membranes for CO2 separation from flue gas
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2019, 81 93-102. 10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.10.007
In this paper, we explore the use of nanocelluloses as an additive to poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposite membranes for CO2/N2 mixed-gas separation. Our findings are that several types of nanocellulose can be used to improve membrane performance. PVA/cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) nanocomposite membranes have the most promising performance, with increased CO2 permeance (127.8 ± 5.5 GPU) and increased CO2/N2 separation factor (39 ± 0.4) compared to PVA composite membranes, with permeance 105.5 ± 1.9 GPU and separation factor 36 ± 0.5. The performance of PVA/CNC membranes is similar compared to PVA/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) membranes shown earlier. Thus, CNTs can be replaced by CNC that is biodegradable and non-toxic. Investigating several different nanocellulose types reveal that a high nanocellulose charge and small nanocellulose particles are important nanocellulose traits that improve membrane performance.