Toll-Like Receptor 2 (P631H) Mutant Impairs Membrane Internalization and is a Dominant Negative Allele
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionScandinavian Journal of Immunology. 2010, 71 (5), 369-381. 10.1111/j.1365-3083.2010.02379.x
We have sequenced 416 Toll‐like receptor‐2 (TLR2) alleles in 208 subjects in a tuberculosis case–control study in Croatian Caucasian population. We found ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) among which three were novel (S97S, T138I and L266F). The genotype containing TLR2‐P631H SNP was significantly overrepresented in patients with tuberculosis when compared to contact controls, suggesting a small yet increased risk to disease. The causative agent of tuberculosis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can bind to TLR2 with its lipoprotein coat. The TLR2‐P631H mutant has a dominant negative effect on the wild type TLR2 signalling in transfected HEK293 kidney cells using the NF‐κB‐driven luciferase as a reporter gene with ligands like M. avium extracts, Pam3CysSK4 or FSL‐1 that bind TLR2/TLR1 or TLR2/TLR6 heterodimers, respectively. Studies on internalization from the Regular Madine Darby Canine Kidney cell surface into the early endosomal compartments showed a lower rate of the mutant compared to the wild type. Our data, in combination with a report by others show that the TLR2‐P631H allele could be associated with protection to meningococcal meningitis, suggest that by dominantly inhibiting the response of cells important in the immune response this mutant might confer either protection or susceptibility to meningitis or tuberculosis, respectively.