En studie av: Foreldrenes oppdragelsesstrategier ogbarns atferd ett år etter deltagelse i ”Deutrolige årene”
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Children with behavioral problems constitute a growing proportion of the children referred to helping agencies. Behavior disorders in young children represents widespread and serious problems that may have major negative consequences for the child in the long term. Research shows that parent training is an efficient way of treating behavioral problems in children.”The Incredible Years” (IY) is a manual based treatment program that targets young children with major behavioral problems in the age group 3-8 years. The program series consists of various elements including parent program, child program and a program for teacher training. This is a study of parental strategies and interactions with their children, and children’s behavior one year after participation in IY. The study used a cross-sectional design and it isbased on quantitative data. The sample consists of 23 families treated at the Webster-StrattonSpecial Team in Trondheim during fall of 2007 and spring 2008. The assessments tools used in the study were a questionnaire developed by the author and Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI). Both mothers and fathers in the study reported a significant improvement in the child’s behavior from pre-treatment (T1) to post-treatment (T2). This result remained stable in a one year follow up for the fathers, whereas the mothers reported an increase in the child’s behavior problems from the post-assessment until one year follow up. In this study, the mothers reported using the parental strategies to a greater degree than the fathers at one year follow up. There are large differences between the different strategies in relation to the extent to which parent report using them. It appears that the strategies that takes the least time to use in everyday life, are used to a greater extent, while the strategies that require more time and systematic work such as time-out and material reward systems is used to a lesser extent. Most parents report being satisfied with the follow up after treatment, despite the fact that some of the mothers reported somewhat large increase in the ECBI one year after the treatment ended.