Effective Channel Hardening in an Indoor Multiband Scenario
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionInternational Journal of Wireless Information Networks. 2019, 1-13. 10.1007/s10776-019-00438-7
We evaluate channel hardening for a large scale antenna system by means of indoor channel measurements over four frequency bands, 1.472 GHz, 2.6 GHz, 3.82 GHz and 4.16 GHz. NTNU’s Reconfgurable Radio Network Platform has been used to record the channel estimates for 40 radio links to a 64 element array with wideband antennas in a rich scattering environment. We examine metrics for channel hardening, namely, the coherence bandwidth, the rms delay spread and the normalized efective subcarrier power, for the efective channel perceived by a single user after precoding and superposition in the downlink. We describe these metrics analytically and demonstrate them with measured data in order to characterize the rate of hardening of the efective channel as the number of antenna elements at the base station increases. The metrics allow for direct insight into the benefts of channel hardening with respect to radio system requirements.