NHDL, a recombinant VL/VH hybrid antibody control for IgG2/4 antibodies.
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionmAbs. 2020, 12 (1) 10.1080/19420862.2019.1686319
The mechanism of action of recombinant IgG2/4 antibodies involves blocking of their target without the induction of effector functions. Examples are eculizumab (Soliris®), which is used clinically to block complement factor C5, as well as anti-human CD14 (r18D11) and anti-porcine CD14 (rMIL2) produced in our laboratory. So far, no proper IgG2/4 control antibody has been available for controlled validation of IgG2/4 antibody functions. Here, we describe the design of a recombinant control antibody (NHDL), which was generated by combining the variable light (VL) and heavy (VH) chains from two unrelated specificities. NHDL was readily expressed and purified as a stable IgG2/4 antibody, and showed no detectable specificity toward any putative antigen present in human or porcine blood. The approach of artificial VL/VH combination may be adopted for the design of other recombinant control antibodies.