Reliability modeling of subsea SISs partial testing subject to delayed restoration
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionReliability Engineering & System Safety. 2019, 191 1-20. 10.1016/j.ress.2019.106546
Subsea oil and gas production has always involved the challenging task of determining the overall reliability of safeguarding systems, such as safety instrumented systems (SISs). Partial testing and delayed restoration of SISs are the main issues in operation and maintenance activities. This paper proposes a novel reliability-modeling methodology for subsea SISs subject to partial testing and delayed restoration. The proposed methodology incorporates an increasing failure rate in conjunction with dangerous undetected failures for the final elements. Approximation formulas for evaluating the average probability of failure on demand are derived for SISs in the low-demand operating mode. In addition, the effects of degradation are modeled by following Weibull rules in different subsequent partial testing intervals. In contrast to previous works, the present research accounts for delayed restoration after detecting failures and also considers the repair time for different scenarios. The proposed formulas are compared with the existing ones for partial verification. A case study on the shutdown valves of a subsea high-integrity pressure protection system is presented to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed methodology. It is also proven that the proposed approximation offers a robust opportunity for testing strategy optimization and performance improvement of SISs.