A 91-Channel Hyperspectral LiDAR for Coal/Rock Classification
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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During the mining operation, it is a critical task in coal mines to significantly improve the safety by precision coal mining sorting and rock classification from different layers. It implies that a technique for rapidly and accurately classifying coal/rock in-site needs to be investigated and established, which is of significance for improving the coal mining efficiency and safety. In this letter, a 91-channel hyperspectral LiDAR (HSL) using an acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) as the spectroscopic device is designed, which operates based on the wide-spectrum emission laser source with a 5-nm spectral resolution to tackle this issue. The spectra of four-type coal/rock specimens collected by HSL are used to classify with three multi-label classifiers: naive Bayes (NB), logistic regression (LR), and support vector machine (SVM). Furthermore, we discuss and explore whether Gaussian fitting (GF) method and calibration with the reference whiteboard (RB) can enhance the classification accuracy. The experimental results show that the GF technique not only improves the accuracy of range measurement but also optimizes the classification performance using the spectra collected by the HSL. In addition, calibration with RB can improve classification accuracy as well. In addition, we also discuss methods to improve the calibration-free classification accuracy preliminarily.