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dc.contributor.authorGrønnestad, Randi
dc.contributor.authorVazquez, Berta Perez
dc.contributor.authorArukwe, Augustine
dc.contributor.authorJaspers, Veerle
dc.contributor.authorJenssen, Bjørn Munro
dc.contributor.authorKarimi, Mahin
dc.contributor.authorLyche, Jan Ludvig
dc.contributor.authorKrøkje, Åse
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Science and Technology. 2019, 53 (22), 13390-13397.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractPerfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are used in a wide range of consumer products, including ski products, such as ski waxes. However, there is limited knowledge on the release of PFASs from such products into the environment and the resultant uptake in biota and transport in food webs. We investigated levels, patterns, and biomagnification of PFASs in soil, earthworms (Eisenia fetida), and Bank voles (Myodes glareolus) from a skiing area in Trondheim, Norway. In general, there was higher PFAS levels in the skiing area compared to the reference area with no skiing activities. The skiing area was dominated by long-chained perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs, ≥70%), while the reference area was dominated by short-chained PFCAs (>60%). The soil PFAS pattern in the skiing area was comparable to analyzed ski waxes, indicating that ski products are important sources of PFASs in the skiing area. A biomagnification factor (BMF) > 1 was detected for Bank volewhole/earthwormwhole for perfluorooctansulfonate in the skiing area. All other PFASs showed a BMF < 1. However, it should be noted that these organisms represent the base of the terrestrial food web, and PFASs originating from ski wax may result to higher exposure in organisms at the top of the food chain.nb_NO
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Societynb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleLevels, patterns, and biomagnification potential of perfluoroalkyl substances in a terrestrial food chain in a Nordic Skiing Areanb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalEnvironmental Science and Technologynb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2019 American Chemical Society. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b02533. This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for biologi

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal