Controllable vortex loops in superconducting proximity systems
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Superconducting vortex loops have so far avoided experimental detection despite being the focus of much theoretical work. We here propose a method of creating controllable vortex loops in the superconducting condensate arising in a normal metal through the proximity effect. We demonstrate both analytically and numerically that superconducting vortex loops emerge when the junction is pierced by a current-carrying insulated wire and give an analytical expression for their radii. The vortex loops can readily be tuned big enough to hit the sample surface, making them directly observable through scanning tunneling microscopy.