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dc.contributor.authorAmeen, Carly
dc.contributor.authorFeuerborn, Tatiana R.
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Sarah K.
dc.contributor.authorLinderholm, Anna
dc.contributor.authorHulme-Beaman, Ardern
dc.contributor.authorLebrasseur, Ophelie
dc.contributor.authorSinding, Mikkel Holger Strander
dc.contributor.authorLounsberry, Zachary T.
dc.contributor.authorLin, Audrey T.
dc.contributor.authorAppelt, Martin
dc.contributor.authorBachmann, Lutz
dc.contributor.authorBetts, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorBritton, Kate
dc.contributor.authorDarwent, John
dc.contributor.authorDietz, Rune
dc.contributor.authorFredholm, Merethe
dc.contributor.authorGopalakrishnan, Shyam
dc.contributor.authorGoruinova, Olga I.
dc.contributor.authorGrønnow, Bjarne
dc.contributor.authorHaile, James
dc.contributor.authorHallsson, Jón Hallsteinn
dc.contributor.authorHarrison, Ramona
dc.contributor.authorHeide-Jørgensen, Mads-Peter
dc.contributor.authorKnecht, Rick
dc.contributor.authorLosey, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorMasson-MacLean, Edouard
dc.contributor.authorMcGovern, Thomas H.
dc.contributor.authorMcMagnus-Fry, Ellen
dc.contributor.authorMeldgaard, Morten
dc.contributor.authorMidtdal, Åslaug
dc.contributor.authorMoss, Madonna L.
dc.contributor.authorNikitin, Iurii G.
dc.contributor.authorNomokonova, Tatiana
dc.contributor.authorPalsdottir, Albina Hulda
dc.contributor.authorPerri, Angela
dc.contributor.authorPopov, Aleksandr N.
dc.contributor.authorRankin, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorReuther, Joshua D.
dc.contributor.authorSablin, Mikhail V.
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Anne Lisbeth
dc.contributor.authorShirar, Scott
dc.contributor.authorSmiarowski, Konrad
dc.contributor.authorSonne, Christian
dc.contributor.authorStiner, Mary C.
dc.contributor.authorVasyukov, Mitya
dc.contributor.authorWest, Catherine F.
dc.contributor.authorWeen, Gro Birgit
dc.contributor.authorWennerberg, Sanne Eline
dc.contributor.authorWiig, Øystein
dc.contributor.authorWoollett, James
dc.contributor.authorDalén, Love
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Anders J.
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius
dc.contributor.authorSacks, Benjamin N
dc.contributor.authorFrantz, Laurent A.F.
dc.contributor.authorLarson, Greger
dc.contributor.authorDobney, Keith
dc.contributor.authorDarwent, Christyann M.
dc.contributor.authorEvin, Allowen
dc.identifier.citationProceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences. 2019, 286 (1929), .nb_NO
dc.description.abstractDomestic dogs have been central to life in the North American Arctic for millennia. The ancestors of the Inuit were the first to introduce the widespread usage of dog sledge transportation technology to the Americas, but whether the Inuit adopted local Palaeo-Inuit dogs or introduced a new dog population to the region remains unknown. To test these hypotheses, we generated mitochondrial DNA and geometric morphometric data of skull and dental elements from a total of 922 North American Arctic dogs and wolves spanning over 4500 years. Our analyses revealed that dogs from Inuit sites dating from 2000 BP possess morphological and genetic signatures that distinguish them from earlier Palaeo-Inuit dogs, and identified a novel mitochondrial clade in eastern Siberia and Alaska. The genetic legacy of these Inuit dogs survives today in modern Arctic sledge dogs despite phenotypic differences between archaeological and modern Arctic dogs. Together, our data reveal that Inuit dogs derive from a secondary pre-contact migration of dogs distinct from Palaeo-Inuit dogs, and probably aided the Inuit expansion across the North American Arctic beginning around 1000 BP.nb_NO
dc.publisherThe Royal Societynb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleSpecialized sledge dogs accompanied Inuit dispersal across the North American Arcticnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalProceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciencesnb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2019 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for naturhistorie

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