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dc.contributor.authorOlsson, Nils
dc.contributor.authorNyström, Johan
dc.contributor.authorPyddoke, Roger
dc.identifier.citationCase Studies on Transport Policy. 2019, 7 (4), 837-848.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractThe two Nordic countries Norway and Sweden have launched governance regimes for the early phases of transport infrastructure investments after experiencing frequent cost overruns and low cost-benefit ratios. This study seeks to find out if these governance regimes have reduced the escalation of costs from early estimates to finalized projects and influenced the choice of projects away from those with lower benefit to cost ratios. We have compared governance regimes for major transport infrastructure investments in the two countries and examined the development and content of quality assurance activities, the involvement of internal and external parties, their duties and responsibilities, their stage gate models, and how decisions are made. The findings are that both countries have introduced formalizations of their governance regimes that mandate project reviews during the planning process and quality assurance, both of which have increased early cost estimates. One difference was that in Norway, the Ministry of Finance manages the quality assurance scheme and imposes external quality assurance requirements, while Sweden has no corresponding ministerial oversight. Therefore, on the one hand, the process is more strictly formalized in Norway, but on the other hand, cost-benefit ratios appear to have more weight in Sweden. Furthermore, although both countries have done several ex post evaluations, neither country has introduced a formalized ex post evaluation process allowing for systematic examination of the causes of cost overruns and low benefit to cost ratios. Even so, politicians may manoeuvre projects with lower benefit to cost ratios around the governance systems in both countries. Finally, some projects in both countries still have experienced significant cost escalations despite these processes.nb_NO
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleGovernance regimes for large transport infrastructure investment projects: Comparative analysis of Norway and Swedennb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalCase Studies on Transport Policynb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2019. This is the authors’ accepted and refereed manuscript to the article. Locked until 23.7.2021 due to copyright restrictions. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for maskinteknikk og produksjon

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal