Anchored kernel hashing for cancelable template protection for cross-spectral periocular data
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionLecture Notes in Computer Science. 2019, 11188 LNCS 103-116. 10.1007/978-3-030-05792-3_10
Periocular characteristics is gaining prominence in biometric systems and surveillance systems that operate either in NIR spectrum or visible spectrum. While the ocular information can be well utilized, there exists a challenge to compare images from different spectra such as Near-Infra-Red (NIR) versus Visible spectrum (VIS). In addition, the ocular biometric templates from both NIR and VIS domain need to be protected after the extraction of features to avoid the leakage or linkability of biometric data. In this work, we explore a new approach based on anchored kernel hashing to obtain a cancelable biometric template that is both discriminative for recognition purposes while preserving privacy. The key benefit is that the proposed approach not only works for both NIR and the Visible spectrum, it can also be used with good accuracy for cross-spectral protected template comparison. Through the set of experiments using a cross-spectral periocular database, we demonstrate the performance with EER=1.39% and EER=1.61% for NIR and VIS protected templates respectively. We further present a set of cross-spectral template comparison by comparing the protected templates from one spectrum to another spectra to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed approach.