A Lipschitz metric for the Hunter–Saxton equation
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCommunications in Partial Differential Equations. 2019, 44 (4), 309-334. 10.1080/03605302.2018.1547744
We analyze stability of conservative solutions of the Cauchy problem on the line for the (integrated) Hunter–Saxton (HS) equation. Generically, the solutions of the HS equation develop singularities with steep gradients while preserving continuity of the solution itself. In order to obtain uniqueness, one is required to augment the equation itself by a measure that represents the associated energy, and the breakdown of the solution is associated with a complicated interplay where the measure becomes singular. The main result in this article is the construction of a Lipschitz metric that compares two solutions of the HS equation with the respective initial data. The Lipschitz metric is based on the use of the Wasserstein metric.