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dc.contributor.authorHaugeberg, Glenn
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Inger Johanne Widding
dc.contributor.authorSoldal, Dag
dc.contributor.authorSokka, Tuulikki
dc.identifier.citationArthritis Research & Therapy. 2015, 17 (1)nb_NO
dc.description.abstractIntroduction In the new millennium, clinical outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have improved. Despite a large number of register data, there is a lack of data reflecting the entire outpatient RA population, and in particular long-term data. The main aim of this study was to explore changes in clinical disease status and treatment in an RA outpatient clinic population monitored with recommended outcome measures over a 10-year period. Methods Standard data collected included demographic data, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, clinical measures of disease activity (Disease Activity Score in 28 joint counts [DAS28], Clinical Disease Activity Index [CDAI], Simplified Disease Activity Index [SDAI] and global assessments) and patient-reported outcomes (measures of physical function, joint pain, fatigue, patient global assessment and morning stiffness). Treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) was also recorded, as well as rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) status. Results In the RA population, the mean age was approximately 64 years and disease duration was 10–12 years. About 70 % were females; approximately 20 % were current smokers; and 65–70 % were positive for RF and ACPA. During follow-up, disease activity improved significantly. When we applied the DAS28, CDAI, SDAI and Boolean criteria for remission, the proportions of patients in remission increased from 21.3 %, 8.1 %, 5.8 % and 3.8 %, respectively, in 2004 to 55.5 %, 31.7 %, 31.8 % and 17.7 %, respectively, in 2013. The proportions of patients with DAS28, CDAI and SDAI low disease activity status were 16.0 %, 34.0 %, and 34.9 %, respectively, in 2004 and 17.8 %, 50.4 % and 50.8 %, respectively, in 2013. A significant improvement in patient-reported outcome was seen only for the full 10-years, but not for the last 4 years, of the study period. The proportion of patients taking synthetic (about 60 %) and biologic (approximately 30 %) DMARDs was stable over the last 4 years of the study period, with no significant change observed, whereas the proportion of patients being treated with prednisolone was reduced significantly from 61 % in 2010 to 54 % in 2013. Conclusions The encouraging data we present suggest that the vast majority of patients with RA monitored in outpatient clinics in the new millennium can expect to achieve a status of clinical remission or low disease activity.nb_NO
dc.publisherBioMed Centralnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleTen years of change in clinical disease status and treatment in rheumatoid arthritis: Results based on standardized monitoring of patients in an ordinary outpatient clinic in southern Norwaynb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalArthritis Research & Therapynb_NO
dc.description.localcodeOpen Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for nevromedisin og bevegelsesvitenskap

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